A player can declare his ball unplayable at any time when it is in play (other than at a tee), and can drop the ball either within two club-lengths, or further from the hole in line with the hole and its current position, or where they played his last shot. A penalty of one stroke is applied. A ball declared unplayable within a hazard must be dropped within that hazard.
PGAT says - May apply to European Ryder Cup team on singles day
Up and down
Describes the situation where a player holes the ball in two strokes starting from off the green. The first stroke, usually a "pitch", a "bunker shot" or a "chip", gets the ball 'up' onto the green, and the subsequent putt gets the ball 'down' into the hole. A variation is called "up and in".
PGAT says - To be consistent, one must get up and down well.
The governing body of golf for the U.S. and Mexico. Together with The R&A, the USGA produces and interprets the Rules of Golf.
PGAT says - The R&A, without the pomp and circumstance
The principal organization for golf professionals in the USA.
PGAT says - The USGA with a silent P. No, sorry, the golf association sponsored by John Players Specials